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United States of America

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United States of America
Location of the United States of America
Map of the United States
Location of the United States of America
Location of the United States of America
Flag Great Seal
Motto: In God We Trust (official)
Anthem: "The Star-Spangled Banner"
Patron Saint(s): Mary
CapitalWashington, DC
Official language(s) None at federal level, English (de facto)
Demonym American
Government Federal constitutional republic
 -  Vice President Joe Biden (D)
 -  Speaker of the House of Representatives John Boehner (R)
 -  Chief Justice John Roberts
Independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain 
 -  Water (%) 6.76
Population
 -  2008 estimate 305,532,000 (3)
 -  2000 census 281,421,906 
 -  Density 31/km2 (180)
80.3/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2008 estimate
 -  Total 14,334,000,000,000 (1)
 -  Per capita 47,025 (6)
GDP (nominal) 2008 estimate
 -  Total 14,334,000,000,000 (1)
 -  Per capita 47,025 (17)
Currency United States dollar (USD)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 -  Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Internet TLD .us, .gov, .mil, .edu, .com, .org, .info, .biz
Calling code 1


The United States of America is a federal republic comprising fifty states, mostly in central North America. The continental U.S. has three land borders, two with Canada and one with Mexico, and one territorial waters boundary with Russia. It is otherwise bounded by the Pacific Ocean, the Bering Sea, the Arctic Ocean, and the Atlantic Ocean. Of the 50 states, however, there are two, Alaska and Hawaii, which are neither contiguous with the other forty-eight nor with each other, and the U.S. has also a collection of districts, territories, and possessions around the world. Each of the fifty states has a high level of local autonomy under the system of federalism.

Contents

History

U.S. Constitution

Main Article: U.S. Constitution

The United States Constitution is the founding document of the United States of America as well as the supreme law of the land, which was adopted on September 17, 1787 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Generally speaking, it is an attempt to form a comprehensive foundation of governing and political principles/precepts the United States is to live by.

Belief in God

Main Article: U.S. religious heritage

In 1682, William Penn founded the Province of Pennsylvania thanks to a generous grant from King Charles II.[1] Over a century before the U.S. Constitution (1787) Penn founded a government with free voluntary elections of a two-house ruling assembly, similar to today's Congress, with trial by jury, freedom of religion, freedom of speech, right to private property, a public education system, fair taxation, and even term limits for elected officials. The new government was decisively Christian and based on the Bible, with mandated Sundays off, marriage based on the Bible (homosexuality, incest, and prostitution were illegal), and all public officials had to "possess faith in Jesus Christ".[2] The new government attracted the persecuted Christian minorities of Europe, fleeing from the Anglican and Catholic institutions there.[3]

Many of the colonies that became the United States of America in 1776 were settled by men and women of deep religious convictions who in the seventeenth century crossed the Atlantic Ocean to practice their faith freely. Most American statesmen, when they began to form new governments at the state and national levels, shared the convictions of most of their constituents that religion was, to quote Alexis de Tocqueville's observation, indispensable to the maintenance of republican institutions. The Founders of the American nation went to great lengths to define the role of religious faith in public life and the degree to which it could be supported by public officials.[4]

In 2009, an MSNBC poll obtained 14,924,742 responses to the question Should the motto "In God We Trust" be removed from U.S. currency? 12% responded Yes - it's a violation of the principle of separation of church and state. 88% responded No - the motto has historical and patriotic significance and does nothing to establish a state religion.[5]

Creationist organizations

Name Headquarters Outreach Creation POV Facilities
4th Day Alliance California International Young earth
Access Research Network Colorado National Intelligent design
Affiliation of Christian Geologists None National Old earth
American Scientific Affiliation Massachusetts National Old earth
Answers in Genesis Kentucky International Young earth Creation Museum and Family Discovery Center
Apologetics Press Alabama National
Associates for Biblical Research Pennsylvania International
Atlanta Creation Group Georgia Local Young Earth
Center for Theology and the Natural Sciences California International Educational facility (Berkeley, CA)
Common Sense Science Georgia National Intelligent design
Creation Association of Puget Sound Washington Local Young earth
Creation Moments Minnesota International Young earth
Creation Research Society Arizona National Young earth Van Andel Creation Research Center
Creation Science Association for Mid America Kansas Local Young earth
Creation Science Evangelism Florida National Young earth
Creation Science Fellowship Pennsylvania National Young earth
Creation Science Fellowship of Calvary Chapel California Local
Design Science Association Oregon Local Young earth
Creation Science League Texas International Young earth
Creation Studies Institute Florida National Young earth Creation Discovery Museum
Creation Study Group South Carolina Local Young earth Second Prespertarian Church, Greenvulle
Discovery Institute Washington National Intelligent design Offices (Seattle, WA)
Genesis Creation Science Institute California Local Young earth
Geoscience Research Institute California National Young earth
Genesis Proclaimed Association Virginia Local Old earth
Genesis Science Mission South Carolina Internet Young earth
Indiana Creation Science Association Indiana Local Young earth
Institute for Creation Research Texas National Young earth Offices (Dallas, TX)
Intelligent Design and Evolution Awareness Center California International Intelligent design
Intelligent Design Network Kansas National Intelligent design
Intelligent Design Undergraduate Research Community Texas National Intelligent design
Interdisciplinary Biblical Research Institute
International Society for Complexity Information and Design New Jersey National Intelligent design
In The Beginning South Carolina Internet Young earth
Northwest Creation Network Washington International Young earth
Philadelphia Society for Creation Science Pennsylvania Local Young earth
Promise Land Farm Ministries North Carolina Local Young earth Camp
Reasons To Believe California National Old earth
Rocky Mountain Creation Fellowship Colorado Local Young earth
Science Ministries Inc. Virginia National Intelligent design
Add to or edit U.S. group list...

Parks

U.S. mean precipitation from 1979-1995.

National parks

State parks

Other sites

Channeled Scablands - Green River Formation - Mount St. Helens - Morrison Formation

Museums

Creationist museums

Creation and Earth History Museum - Santee, California.


Agencies

Flag of the United States.jpg

External Links:

News

  • Why doesn't America believe in evolution? Growing proportion of America thinks that we did not descend from an ancestral ape. New Scientist. August 19, 2006.
  • The End of Christian America The percentage of self-identified Christians has fallen 10 points in the past two decades suggesting what our nation is about to become. Newsweek. Apr 4, 2009.

References

  1. "The Quaker Province: 1681-1776 - The Founding of Pennsylvania." Pennsylvania Historical & Museum Commission.
  2. Penn, William (1682, May 5). "Frame of Government of Pennsylvania." Lillian Goldman Law Library. Yale University. The Avalon Project.
  3. Roland, John (2011, October 25). "Excerpts from Frame of Government of Pennsylvania by William Penn, 1682." The Constitution Society.
  4. Religion and the Founding of the American Republic U.S. Library of Congress
  5. Should the motto "In God We Trust" be removed from U.S. currency? MSNBC.com

External links

See Also

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