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England

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England
Location of England (orange)– on the European continent (camel & white)– in the United Kingdom (camel)
Map of England
Location of England (orange)– on the European continent (camel & white)– in the United Kingdom (camel)
Location of England (orange)
– on the European continent (camel & white)
– in the United Kingdom (camel)
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: Dieu et mon droit (French)
"God and my right"
Anthem: None (de jure)
God Save the Queen (de facto)
Patron Saint(s): Saint George
Capital
(and largest city)
London
Official language(s) English (de facto)
Recognised regional languages Cornish
Ethnic groups (2009) 87.5% White, 6.0% South Asian, 2.9% Black, 1.9% Mixed, 0.8% Chinese, 0.8% Other
Demonym English
Government Non-devolved constituent country within a constitutional monarchy
 -  Queen Elizabeth II
 -  Prime Minister of the United Kingdom David Cameron
Legislature Parliament of the United Kingdom
Area
 -  Total 130,395 km2 
50,346 sq mi 
Population
 -  2011 census 53,013,000 
 -  Density 407/km2 
1,054.1/sq mi
Currency Pound sterling (£) (GBP)
Time zone GMT (UTC0)
 -  Summer (DST) BST (UTC+1)
Date formats dd/mm/yyyy (AD)
Drives on the left
Internet TLD .uk
Calling code +44
a. ^ Assigned on a United Kingdom basis, not constituent country


England is the largest and most densely populated of the four constituent countries of the United Kingdom (UK). The country occupies most of the southern two-thirds of the island of Great Britain and shares land borders with Scotland to the north and Wales to the west. Elsewhere, it is bordered by the North Sea to the east, the Irish Sea to the north west, the Celtic Sea to the south west, and the English Channel to the south separating it from continental Europe. England has not had a separate political identity since 1707, when the United Kingdom was established as a political entity. The capital city of England, London, is also the capital city of the UK.

Contents

History

England is named after the Angles ("Angleland"), one of a number of Germanic peoples who settled there in the 5th and 6th centuries AD. England became a unified state in 927 AD, and since the Age of Discovery, which began during the 15th century, has had a significant cultural and legal impact on the wider world. The English language, the Anglican Church, and English law—the basis for the common law legal systems of many other countries around the world—developed in England, and the country's parliamentary system of government has been widely adopted by other nations.

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