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- This article is about the king of the Kingdom of Israel. For the three other kings known by this name, see Jehoahaz (disambiguation)
Jehoahaz (Hebrew: יהואחז, Yehōʼākhāz; "YHWH has held") (r. 857-840 BC according to Ussher, or r. 814-797 BC according to Thiele) was the eleventh king of the Kingdom of Israel and the first of four generations of the House of Jehu to follow its founder, Jehu.
Accession and synchrony
Jehoahaz was the son of Jehu, but the Bible does not state the year of his birth. He did not serve as viceroy in his father's reign for any appreciable length of time, but he seems to have come to power on or near the religious new year's day.
He came to his throne in the twenty-third year of the reign of King Joash of the Kingdom of Judah and died one year earlier than did Joash. (2_Kings 13:1 ) He did, however, have a son and successor, also named Joash, to whom he granted the executive viceroyship for the last three years of his reign.
Jehoahaz never once made any effort to turn his kingdom away from the false religion that Jeroboam I had set up—or from the worship of Asherah, in that the people of Samaria still kept an Asherah pole in a high place in or near that city. (2_Kings 13:2,6 )
The result was the most severe military disaster that God had yet visited upon the Kingdom of Israel. The Syrians, under the command of King Hazael and his son (and probably viceroy) Benhadad II, conducted a series of devastating raids on that kingdom. (2_Kings 13:3 ) In those raids they captured many Israelite cities, and left Jehoahaz with a tiny remnant of an army consisting of 50 cavalrymen, 10 chariots, and 10,000 infantrymen. (2_Kings 13:7 )
Death and Succession
JehoahazDied: Abib 3164 AMApril 839 BC
Nisan 2921 He
Abib 3164 AM
|King of Kingdom of Israel|
Abib 3147 AMApril 856 BC
Iyar 2904 He
Abib 3147 AM–Abib 3164 AMApril 839 BC
Nisan 2921 He
Abib 3164 AM
| Succeeded by|
Joash of Israel
Jehoahaz made his son viceroy two years before the last year of his reign (in the 37th year of Joash, 2_Kings 13:10 ). He died quietly, and his son immediately consulted the prophet Elisha for advice on how to cope with the Syrians.
- ↑ James Ussher, The Annals of the World, Larry Pierce, ed., Green Forest, AR: Master Books, 2003 (ISBN 0890513600), pghh. 542-3
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 Jones, Floyd N., The Chronology of the Old Testament, Green Forest, AR: Master Books, 2003, Chart 5.
- ↑ Leon J. Wood, A Survey of Israel's History, rev. ed. David O'Brien, Grand Rapids, MI: Academie Books, 1986 (ISBN 031034770X), p. 275
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 Authors unknown. "King Jehoahaz of Israel - Biography." The Kings of Israel, hosted at http://www.geocities.com/ Retrieved June 10, 2007.