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Trypanosoma is a genus of parasitic protozoans that will infect many organisms like animals, humans and other organisms. There are two main types of trypanoses. Trypanosoma brucei is prevalent in Africa where it is transported by the tsetse fly and causes “sleeping sickness.” Symptoms are headache, weakness, and joint pain in the initial stages; anemia, cardiovascular problems, and also kidney failure. There have been as many as 66-million people in sub-Saharan Africa that have been affected. Trypanosoma cruzi is responsible for Chagas' Disease in South America.
When it was first discovered they called it a cork-screw shape organism because of the way the body looked.
Trypanosoma cruzi will reproduce inside of a white blood cell. It will take and destroy the very thin muscle fibers; also the apex is in action with the parasite to make thin myocardium. People who are infected with the virus will slowly develop an enlarged heart and become very feeble. About 16 to 18 million people have been infected, or are still infected with Chagas' disease, which can be either acute (immediately after infection) or chronic (long term debilitation). It is mostly located in South American and Central American countries.
The blood stream can be the main transporter of the disease and the reproduction helper. The disease can infect more people by transfusion of one persons blood to someone else’s blood.
Trypanosoma cruzi was thought only to be found in Brazil and some surrounding areas around Brazil, but central and southern America have had reports that the trypanosome has been found infecting people in that area.
Signs of the Trypanosoma
- When bitten you will develop a red sore, from the organism that has injected you, they call this red sore a “chancre” (SHANker) Symptoms will be able to be seen within 1-4 weeks of being bitten. You might have a high fever, long painful head aches, tiredness, and weak and aching joints. You might also see your self loosing weight and shedding pounds quicker then you thought reasonable. You could also experience memory loss, and be in a state of deep confusion for a very long time. If any of these symptoms get worse it could lead to brain damage, and even death.
- There are some people that will be infected by the West African Trypanosoma. This disease will show symptoms between 1-2 weeks unlike the other trypanosoma, you will see fever, rash, some swelling around your eyes and ears. Some people will be so badly infected they will start growing swollen lymph glands on back side body parts. You will also experience central nervous crashes, and spine nervous crashes; which could ultimately result in the victim being paralyzed for a certain period of time or even for a longer term. You may also experience stuttering in your speech, confusion, and seizures, which can also lead to long periods of time where the victim will sleep all day, but when it comes to night time they will have a much harder time trying to fall asleep. Without getting a treatment or medicine it could ultimately lead to death.
Diseases caused by Trypanosoma
- Trypanosoma cruzi: Chagas' Disease, Mainly in South America, Cardiovascular System Diseases, Animals
- Trypanosoma brucei: Sleeping Sickness in humans in West and East Africa; Nagana in animals.
- A Microbial Biorealm page on the genus Trypanosoma 20:09, 22 August 2006
- Project: Chagas' Disease May 2008
- What are the signs and symptoms of trypanosomiasis? Author. Publisher.
- The U.S. National Library of Medicine (NLM) is part of the National Institutes of Health in Bethesda, Maryland. The National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) is a division of the NLM which provides PubMed.
- Trypanosoma - 3 dictionary results dictionary.
- A Process of Reproduction of Trypanosoma conorhini Different from Binary or Multiple Fission 30 Apr 2007, Pages 553 - 559 MARIA P. DEANE 1 REGINA MILDER 1 .
- The Genome Sequence of Trypanosoma cruzi, Etiologic Agent of Chagas Disease Caroline Ash and Barbara R. Jasny (15 July 2005)
- MOLECULAR PARASITOLOGY : TRYPANOSOMES Friday, September 21, 2007
- Trypanosoma From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
- Trypanosoma brucei From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.