Natural science designates the branches of science that deal strictly with the natural world by empirical scientific methods. It includes both physical science and the life science of biology. Social science however is different from natural science because it attempts to understand human behavior, the mind and social patterns rather than the natural world. The epistemology that only supports the natural sciences as the way to know truth is called scientism and dominates the thinking of atheism of the 20th and 21st centuries.
Branches of Natural Science
- Main Article: Astronomy
Astronomy is the scientific study of matter in outer space with the goal of determining or measuring properties of distant objects, such as distances, positions, dimensions, distribution, magnitudes, motion, composition, physical condition, energy, evolution, and the causes of their various phenomena. Creation Astronomy differs only in that it attempts to explain stellar phenomena from the presupposition that celestial bodies were created by God. Most creationists also draw from religious texts like the Bible for insight.
- Main Article: Biology
Biology is the scientific discipline that studies life processes or characteristics of living organisms, including their structure, function, growth, origin, distribution and evolution. The word Biology comes from the Greek word bios meaning "life", and logy which basically means "the study of".
Biological creationism is the doctrine or belief that various kinds of living beings were created and so are not the product of a naturalistic process. The creator is usually identified as God. It is, therefore, philosophically opposed to evolutionism. As the theory of evolution is found as an integral part of all secular biology, it is critical that creationists have a thorough understanding of this scientific discipline.
- Main Article: Chemistry
Chemistry is the branch of science concerned with the composition, properties, and structure of matter, and how different substances react together. It is the study of the changes that matter undergoes to either gain knowledge, as in 'pure chemistry', or to apply it to a specific goal, as in 'applied chemistry'.
There are five traditional areas of study in chemistry. They include organic, inorganic, biochemistry, analytical, and physical. There are a number of Creation scientists involved in each of the different areas of study. One of the founding fathers of chemistry was creationist Robert Boyle to whom modern chemistry owes enormous gratitude for his work, writings, and research. Boyle loved God’s truth, which helped him see the grand errors of alchemical theory that were hindering the development of what is now scientific chemistry.
- Main Article: Physics
Physics is the science of matter and energy and of interactions between the two. While at first this may look simple, the interactions between matter and energy are not always simple. This is compounded by the fact that matter and energy have been shown to be manifestations of the same thing, and that they affect both space and time.
To a large degree physics deals with the details of how the universe works. For example quantum physics shows the universe to be indeterminate at its most fundamental level, which is consistent with the Biblical idea that God controls and sustains the universe. In fact indeterminacy at a fundamental level is actually predicted by the idea of a universe controlled and sustained by God.
- Natural science By Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary
- Wilbraham, Antony C., Dennis D. Staley, Michael S. Matta, and Edward L. Waterman. Chemistry. Boston: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2008. pg 9
- Boyle, Robert Wolfram Research
- Science's method rules out design Response to Talk.Origins
- Philosophy of science