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Ithamar

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Ithamar (Hebrew: איתמר, Īthāmār; "coast of palm trees") (b. 2482 AM1521 BC
2239 He
2482 AM
–fl. 1 Zif 2514 AM4 May 1489 BC
2 Sivan 2271 He
1 Zif 2514 AM
) was the fourth son of Aaron and progenitor of a line of descent that briefly included some of the high priests of Israel.

Contents

Family

Ithamar was born in Egypt, the son of Aaron and Elisheba. (Exodus 6:23 )

Career

Ithamar's career began during the first year after the Exodus of Israel. He was treasurer of the massive voluntary offering of the people for the building of the Tabernacle. On 1 Zif 2514 AM4 May 1489 BC
2 Sivan 2271 He
1 Zif 2514 AM
he was consecrated as a priest, together with his three brothers Nadab, Abihu, and Eleazar.[1][2][3][4]

On the day of the strange-fire incident (10 Zif 2514 AM13 May 1489 BC
11 Sivan 2271 He
10 Zif 2514 AM
), all four brothers were performing a daily office in the Holy Place. Nadab and Abihu took censers charged with "strange fire" into the Holy of Holies, and were killed instantly. Moses ordered two other cousins to take the charred bodies away, and also ordered Aaron and his two remaining sons to continue with their duties and not show any outward sign of mourning.[4] [5]

On that same occasion, Moses noticed that the meat for the sin offering had been burned entirely on the bronze altar. The priests were supposed to eat from the sin offering in a clean place, but they had not done so. Moses interrogated Eleazar and Ithamar about this neglect of duty, and Aaron defended his sons. Apparently Aaron suggested that to eat any sort of meat when their brothers had recently died, and under such circumstances, might itself not seem pleasing to God. Moses reserved judgment. The Bible gives no indication that Eleazar or Ithamar made a similar mistake again.[5]

Thereafter Eleazar and Ithamar were the two senior priests after Aaron. Ithamar, in addition, supervised the Gershonites and the Merarites who were responsible for dismantling and transporting the Tabernacle coverings, hangings, boards, bars, sockets, pillars, and other structural elements.[1][4]

Heritage

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Jacob
 
Leah
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Levi
 
Judah
 
Tamar
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Kohath
 
Pharez
 
Zerah
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Jochebed
 
Amram
 
Hezron
 
Hamul
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ram
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Amminadab
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Aaron
 
Elisheba
 
Nahshon
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nadab
 
Abihu
 
Eleazar
 
Ithamar
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Phinehas

His line of descent (1_Chronicles 24:1-19 ) is most notable for the appearance of Judge Eli, his sons Hophni and Phinehas, his grandson Ichabod, and an apparently disloyal high priest named Abiathar whom Solomon removed from office during his reign and replaced with Zadok, an Eleazarite.[1][2][3][4][5] That Eli and his son and grandson descend from Ithamar follows logically from the absence of their names in the line of descent from Eleazar given in 1_Chronicles 6:1-15 .

See Also

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References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Konig, George, "Ithamar," AboutBibleProphecy.com, 2001. Accessed December 10, 2008.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Ithamar," Easton's Bible Dictionary, July 13, 2005. Accessed December 10, 2008.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Blank, Wayne, "The Lines of Eleazar and Ithamar," Daily Bible Study, n.d. Accessed December 10, 2008.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Hirsch EG and Seligsohn M, "Ithamar," The Jewish Encyclopedia, n.d. Accessed December 10, 2008.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Maxey A, "Eleazar and Ithamar," Reflections, no. 270, October 18, 2006. Accessed December 10, 2008.
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