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Instinct

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Grasp reflex of a 5 month old baby boy

Instinct or innate behavior is the inherent inclination of a living organism toward a particular behavior. In other words, instinct is a biologically inherited behavior pattern.[1] Many animals presents wonderfully complex and efficient patterns such as courtship or to take care of offspring. These behavior patterns are set by the genes, they need not to be learned.[1] Jesus mentions the parents care for the children. He points out that even the man being evil, "knows" give good gifts to his children:

"If you, then, though you are evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will your Father in heaven give good gifts to those who ask him!" - Matthew 7:11

Innate behavior

Lesser Whitethroat (Sylvia curruca) at Keoladeo National Park, Rajasthan, India.

Innate behavior is splendid tool which meets efficiently the needs of the species in the environments in which this species normally lives.[1] For example, an insect building a nest looks highly competent and wise, and there was no need to be learned.[1] Migratory instincts are another marvelous example. The lesser whitethroat marble (Sylvia curruca) is a common ]]bird[[ which breeds in temperate Europe (except the southwest part) and in western and central Asia, but winters in Africa. The parent birds leave behind their young birds and take off to Africa. The new generation make the same trip weeks later through thousands of miles of territory never before flown to join his parents.[2] The information for this flight is instinctive. Another magnificent example is the golden plover (Pluvialis dominica fulva or Charadrius fulvus). These birds migrate from Alaska to spend the northern winter in Hawaii. The journey of migration, no stops, takes about 88 hours for more than 2485 miles (4000 km). How does the bird know the migration route? There is no convincing explanations than the work of the Creator.[3] Other astonishing migration feats are: the North American golden plover (Nominatrasse), the Japanese snipe (Capella hardtwickii), the Siberian spined-tailed swift (Chaetura caudacuta) among others.[3]

Darwin and the instinct

Darwin considered the evidence of advanced instinct in animals, even those newly born, and/or with young lifespans, a serious riddle for his theory of Evolution; one of its four major weaknesses.[4] Evolutionist Michael Ruse concedes that one marvelous example found in nature that gave Darwin much food for thought was the splendid ability of bees to prepare their hexagonal cells in their hives.[5] Darwin devoted all of Chapter VII, "Instinct", in "On the Origin of Species," to addressing this problem.[6]

Sociobiology

From the launch of the book by Edward O. Wilson, "Sociobiology: The New Synthesis" sociobiology gained recognition. For this current, which can include Richard Dawkins, author of the book "The Selfish Gene",[7] genes play a definitive role in human behavior and the characteristics such as the aggressiveness can be explained by biology, more particularly genetics. This field has generated serious opposition even among Darwinists like Richard Lewontin,[8][9] Stephen Jay Gould, [10][11] and Niles Eldredge.[12]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Dobzhansky, Theodosius (1967). Evolution, Genetics, & Man. New York: John Wiley & Sons. p. 339-344. Library of Congress Catalog Card Number:55-10868. 
  2. Huse, Scott M (1997). The Collapse of Evolution (3rd ed.). Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Books. ISBN 0-8010-5774-4. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Gitt, Werner (2005). In the Beginning was Information:A Scientist explains the Incredible Design in Nature. Green Forest, AR: Master Books. p. 248-251. ISBN 978-0-89051-461-0. 
  4. Darwin, C.R. On the Origin of Species, 1st ed. London 1859, p. 6.
  5. Ruse, Michael (1982). Darwinism Defended:A Guide to the Evolution Controversies. Reading, Massachusetts: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company. p. 190. ISBN 0-201-06273-9. 
  6. Darwin, C.R. On the Origin of Species, 1st ed. London 1859, p. 208.
  7. Dawkins, Richard (1982). The Selfish Gene. London/Toronto: Granada Publishing Limited. ISBN 0-586-08316-2. 
  8. Lewontin, Richard C (1992). "All in the Genes?". Biology as Ideology. New York: HarperCollins Publishers. p. 17-37. ISBN 0-06-097519-9. 
  9. Lewontin, Richard C.; Rose, Steve; Kamin, Leon J (1984). Not in Our Genes. New York: Pantheon Books. ISBN 0-394-72888-2. 
  10. Gould, Stephen Jay (1983). "13 - What Happens to Bodies if Genes Act for Themselves?". Hen's Teeth and Horse's Toes. New York: W. W. Norton & Company. p. 166-176. ISBN 0-393-30200-8. 
  11. Sterelny, Kim (2007). Dawkins vs. Gould:Survival of the Fittest. Cambridge: Icon Books. ISBN 978-1840467-80-2. 
  12. Eldredge, Niles. Why we do it: Rethinking Sex and the Selfish Gene. New York: W. W. Norton. ISBN 0-393-32695-0.