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An eclipse is generally defined as an astronomical event in which a celestial body moves into the shadow of another. Within a stellar system, three objects within the same gravitational system will align on a straight plane, so that one of the objects will obscure the view of another. Eclipses can occur on many planets. In regards to the earth, an eclipse occurs when the moon, sun and earth are in line with one another. Two general types of eclipses are the solar eclipse and the lunar eclipse. These forms can be broken down further into four categories: total, partial, hybrid, and annular. The word ‘eclipse’ comes from the Greek word ékleipsis, or ekleíp(ein), which means to leave out, forsake, fail to appear. 
- Main Article: Solar eclipse
Solar eclipses are events occurring because the new moon passes between the sun and the earth. This happens during midday and usually makes the sun look like a ring of light in a darkened sky. A solar eclipse can only occur when the moon is in the new moon phase when the moon’s shadow falls across the earth. At that time, a portion of the sun will be covered by the moon. Since the moon goes into its ‘new’ phase every twenty-nine and a half days, it would make sense that we see an eclipse every month; but this is not the case. The moon’s orbit is tilted five degrees to earth’s orbit, thus the shadow often passes over the earth. Even so, we still experience one or two eclipses a year. The moon has three types of shadows, which each produce a unique solar eclipse (see image at right). The inner shadow called the umbra gives us the Total Solar Eclipses. The eclipse will be visible from the region within the shadow. The penumbral shadow is a faint outer shadow that allows us to have Partial Solar Eclipses. The antumbra shadow is too small to eclipse the entire body and produces an Annular Eclipse.
Total Solar Eclipse
When the umbral shadow of the moon falls over the earth, a Total Solar Eclipse can be observed. The umbral shadow follows a path called the Path of Totality. At 10,000 miles long and around 100 miles wide, it covers less than 1% of earth's entire surface area. To see the Total Eclipse, you must be within this path. It can fall on any part of the earth; even the North and South Pole will be able to observe an eclipse. However, since eclipses are only visible from this narrow path, you would not see an eclipse from the same place for an average of 375 years. It is very rare to see an eclipse twice from any one place.
As the solar eclipse begins, there is almost nothing to hint at its approach. But in the minutes before it occurs, darkness falls very rapidly. As the moon begins its passage across the face of the sun, a small mark that looks like a bite was taken out of the sun can be seen on the western edge. Any little bits of light striking a surface will be shaped like a crescent moon as the sun disappears. Shadow bands also occur. As the sun becomes nothing but a tiny sliver of light in the sky, narrow, wavy lines can be seen rippling across surfaces. This is best seen on plain colored floors or a wall. This phenomenon happens because the sun’s light is being warped as it passes through abnormalities in the atmosphere.
Partial Solar Eclipse
When the penumbra of the moon will fall on the earth, it creates a partial solar eclipse. The umbra will pass completely over or under the earth so that only partial phases can be seen.
Annular Solar Eclipse
The moon can be too small to cover the sun’s entire face. This is due to the moon’s orbit around earth. The moon’s orbit is not actually round – it is elliptical. Because of this, the orbit’s diameter varies from 221,000 miles to 252,000 miles. It also makes the apparent size of the moon vary in the same magnitude. The moon may appear larger than the sun – when it is on the near side of its orbit, or smaller – during the time spent on the far side of the orbit. When it is on the far side, the moon’s shadow is not large enough to reach earth. However, the antumbral shadow is. The antumbral shadow’s path is called the Path of Annularity. The annular eclipse can only be viewed from within this path; it will appear as a ring of light around the moon. Annularity will last for around six minutes though it can go on for twice as long. The corona will not be visible as in a total eclipse. These eclipses are very dangerous to look out without proper protection.
Hybrid Solar Eclipse
Under unusual circumstances, another type of eclipse has been seen. Sometimes, a total eclipse will suddenly turn annular, or the reverse will happen, at some point during the progression. This happens because the earth’s curvature will bring different phases of the eclipse into the umbral and antumbral shadows. 
Evidence of Design
While the sun is about 400 times larger than the moon, the moon is also approximately 400 times closer to the earth, so that both objects appear to have almost identical sizes. In addition to this provided spectacularly beautiful and awe- inspiring experiences, eclipses also offer chances to study astronomical phenomenon. For example, stars whose light was previously obliterated by the sun’s light are now readily visible. This fact led to oservations that helped to confirm the theory of general relativity. During the solar eclipse, as the light passed close to the large mass the light would deflect due to the gravitational force exerted.  It is because of bending of space that the stars that are normally on the edge of the sun seem to appear closer to the sun during an eclipse. This first true test of general relativity showed scientists their first real look at stars near the edge of the sun. Because of the sun's powerful light rays, these stars' brightness is usually overpowered by the sun's and thus is undetectable at any other time. The information gathered from Einstein's research proved true as the stars appeared out of place just like he had so precisely predicted.  Since this experiment several others have been conducted during eclipses, all of which come up with approximately the same results. 
In addition, during totality the chromosphere of the sun is observable. The chromosphere is a cool, obscure layer that lies just above the photosphere. The photosphere creates all of the energy that we get from the sun. The photosphere’s light is too strong compared to the chromosphere, preventing us from viewing the chromosphere. During an eclipse, however, the photosphere is blocked out. The chromosphere is then studied in the few seconds of totality when revealed as a flash spectrum that only appears around the beginning and end of totality. Above the chromosphere lies another region typically hard to observe – the corona. This layer extends into space for a few solar diameters. It appears as a pearly white layer when it can be observed during totality, with magnetic field lines, and is around one to two million K°. It is still a mystery how this temperature remains so high. One theory claims it is because of the magnetic field lines that lace the corona. The size of the corona fluctuates from sun spot minimum to sun spot maximum. By observing the corona, clues can be found about the intricate magnetic interactions happening on the sun. During total solar eclipses, we can also measure the relative sizes of our sun and moon. We can determine the rate of the earth’s rotation and by how much it is slowing by looking at the locations of eclipses over the years. 
In their book The Privileged Planet, Guillermo Gonzalez and Jay W. Richards use the solar eclipse and the important discoveries made during these events to illustrate an argument for design. The distance of the moon from the Earth is but one of many aspects that are not only virtually perfect for life, but also provide a unique opportunity for scientific discovery. It would appear that the Earth was created in such a way wherein intelligent life could explore the cosmos. 
- Main Article: Lunar eclipse
In a Lunar Eclipse, the moon falls into the earth’s shadow, gradually fading from view. These eclipses occur during the night, during specific full moons. Full moons last from sunset to sunrise. This is possible because the moon is exactly opposite of the sun. This is very important regarding eclipses. The moon will then appear either dark, or a deep copper-red color. Just like solar eclipses, lunar eclipses are not seen every month become of the angles of the moon’s orbit. However, a lunar eclipse will occur anywhere from two to four times every year. Only people on the “night” side of the earth can observer the eclipse.
Total Lunar Eclipse
The moon moves completely into earth’s umbral shadow. These are the most brilliant eclipses and the easiest to spot. It will start off like a penumbral eclipse, progressing to a partial, then total, and then goes in reverse. The penumbral phase is difficult to see without telescopes, but the others phases are visible quite easily. The moon becomes a deep red or copper color during totality. This color appears because the earth blocks the sun’s light. Light can still reach the moon indirectly while it is under the earth’s shadow. But this light must pass through the earth’s atmosphere. The atmosphere filters out most of the blue colored light; it leaves only the reds and oranges. This remaining light is much dimmer than pure white light. Our atmosphere also bends the light so that a little of it can hit and light up the moon. The color depends heavily on the amounts of dust or clouds in our atmosphere. After a volcanic eruption, the color would be quite dark, but it usually various from browns and red to vibrant oranges and yellows. If there was no atmosphere, the moon would be completely black during an eclipse. Astronauts in space would see the sun blocked out by the earth if they were on the moon. Total eclipses make up around thirty-five percent of all lunar eclipses.
Partial Lunar Eclipse
Part of the moon passes through the earth’s penumbral shadow. These eclipses are easy to see and able to be viewed without eye protection. Partial eclipses make up about thirty percent of all lunar eclipses.
Penumbral Lunar Eclipse
The moon will travel through the earth’s penumbral shadow. These eclipses however, are hard to spot as they are very faint, so they are typically only of academic interest. Thirty-five percent of all lunar eclipses are penumbral.
To have an eclipse, the planet must have at least one moon. This makes eclipses on Mercury and Venus impossible, but they are possible on other planets. Mars’ moons are so small that only partial eclipses are possible. If you were on one of the moons, it would look like Mars is eclipsing the sun; during certain times of the year, this will happen every day. Every one of the Gas Giants experience eclipses. They have large moons, and the sun seems small due to the distance between the planet and sun. Jupiter, the largest planet, experiences the most eclipses since its moons are on the same plane as the sun. Only the four Galilean moons produce total eclipses - these moons have an eclipse once per orbit. Saturn’s moons can observe the sun being eclipsed by Saturn’s rings. Beyond Saturn, the eclipses would probably be very unimpressive as the photosphere, chromosphere, and corona appear small. The satellites of Neptune and Uranus all produce total eclipses. Overall, eclipses on other planets are not nearly as spectacular. 
Eclipses have been recorded in the Bible, so we can compare those dates to dates of known eclipses to prove that the Bible’s chronology was entirely accurate. The moon is drifting away from the earth at around four centimeters a year. If this had been occurring for billions of years, it is very unlikely that anyone would have ever observed an eclipse.  
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 All About Eclipses by TechMediaNetwork
- ↑ Eclipse by Dictionary.com.
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 Solar Eclipses for Beginners by Fred Espenak, MrEclipse
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 4.2 Effects During a Total Solar Eclipse Earth View Inc., Accessed May 2, 2010.
- ↑ The sun: our special star by Jonathan Sarfati, Creation 22(1):27–31, December 1999.
- ↑ 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 The Angular Size of the Moon and Other Planetary Satellites: An Argument For Design by Danny R. Faulkner. CRSQ Volume 35(1) June 1998
- ↑ Weird Physics By Danny Faulkner. Answers Vol 3(1), December 2007.
- ↑ The Intricate Beauty of the Solar Corona : Big Pic Ian O'Neill, Discovery News, Copyright © 2010 Discovery Communications, LLC
- ↑ Our Privileged Planet by Eduardo Llull, March 8, 2004
- ↑ Curious About Astronomy? by Matija Cuk, January 2003
- ↑ The Moon: A Faithful Witness in the Sky Donald B. DeYoung, Ph.D., Impact, Feb 1, 1979
- ↑ The sun: our special star by Jonathan Sarfati, Creation 22(1):27–31, December 1999.
- Anti God Philosophies and Science Dr Ian Scott, Creation 3(4):28–37, November 1980
- The Greater Light to Rule the Day - Ladies and Gentlemen - The Sun! J. Timothy Unruh, Impact, May 1, 1995
- Creation and the Flat Earth Danny R. Faulkner, Ph.D., Nov/Dec 1997, Vol. 2, No. 6
- Ancient Computers? Brian Thomas, M.S., Daily Science Updates, Aug 12, 2008
- Is the Sun Shrinking? Andrew Snelling, Creation 11(2):30–34 March 1989,