American Civil Liberties Union
From CreationWiki, the encyclopedia of creation science
The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) website says the ACLU is America's "guardian of liberty".  The organization provides attorneys and legal experts to fight legal cases in which it believes individual rights have been violated. Its basic goals are described as protecting the constitutional rights of United States citizens as outlined in the Constitution and the 27 Amendments." 
The ACLU's supporters say it has been vital in preserving personal freedoms by fighting for the principles contained in the U.S. Constitution and the Bill of Rights.  Its critics say it has done more to promote moral decay in the United States than has any other organization, and it works feverishly to undermine the nation's Christian and moral heritage. However, the ACLU has been called up to protect the rights of Christians, as well, including the freedom of religion and free exercise, the freedom of speech to speak against abortion, homosexuality, etc.
American Civil Liberties Union
The American Civil Liberties Union began in 1920. It grew out of the National Civil Liberties Bureau (NCLB) that lawyer Crystal Eastman and sociologist Roger Baldwin organized in 1917. The NCLB gave legal aid to conscientious objectors (those who objected to doing military service) and to those whom the government was prosecuting under the Espionage Act of 1917 and the Sedition Act of 1918.
Early ties to communism
In its early years, the organization had close ties to the Communist Party. The General Secretary of the Communist Party, Earl Browder, said the ACLU functioned as "a transmission belt" for the party.  Even though Baldwin removed communist members from the ACLU board by 1940, the Report of the California Senate Fact-Finding Subcommittee on Un-American Activities in 1943 said in part:
While it professes to stand for free speech, a free press, and free assembly, it is quite obvious that its main function is to protect Communists in their activities of force and violence in their program to overthrow the government. 
Opposition to American values
The ACLU continues to have a reputation as a leftist organization because of its support for such matters as homosexual marriages,  abortion on demand,  and tax exemption for Satanists.  It opposes school prayer,  public religious displays,  and tax exemption for churches. 
Opposition To Scientific Alternatives
The ACLU has long opposed teaching creation science in public schools. In 1925 it mounted a challenge in Tennessee to the Butler Act, which outlawed—in state-funded institutions—teaching:
... any theory that denies the story of the Divine Creation of man as taught in the Bible, and to teach instead that man has descended from a lower order of animals. 
In a test case, the ACLU recruited Tennessee schoolteacher John Scopes to stand trial for having taught evolution in a public school.  Scopes lost the trial, but the fundamentalist side, led by lawyer William Jennings Bryan, suffered ridicule that cost it much public sympathy.
ACLU opposition to creation science includes:
- The ACLU has opposed creation science since the famous Scopes evolution trial of 1925. In this trial, the ACLU backed Tennessee schoolteacher John Scopes in defying a state law that banned teaching Darwin’s theory of evolution in state-funded institutions.
- In 1968, the ACLU argued in Epperson vs. Arkansas that Arkansas' ban on teaching "that mankind ascended or descended from a lower order of animals" was a violation of the First Amendment, which forbids official religion.
- In the 1986 case of Edwards vs. Aguillard, the ACLU convinced the court to strike down a Louisiana law that required public school science teachers to give "equal time" to creation science if they taught students about the theory of evolution. 
- In August 1999, the ACLU sent a letter to public school districts in Kansas and Western Missouri warning them that teaching creation science "could lead to legal action on religious liberty grounds." 
- The ACLU Position Statement on "creation-science" (March 11, 2002), which opposes teaching creation science and intelligent design in public schools. 
Vigilance requires firm and consistent opposition to every effort to use the nation's schools to teach any biblical text, including Genesis, as literal truth, either directly or disguised as 'alternative' science. To reject creationism as science is to defend the most basic principles of academic integrity and religious liberty.
The ACLU regards the intelligent design movement as "creation in disguise". Its opposition to intelligent design includes:
- On February 14, 2006, the American Civil Liberties Union of Ohio sent a letter to the Toledo public schools demanding they stop staff from teaching intelligent design in science classrooms throughout the district. 
- The ACLU praised a court’s ruling on December 20, 2005 that struck down a school board’s decision in Dover, Pennsylvania, to teach intelligent design as an alternative to evolution.  The ACLU led the legal challenge in the case.
- On January 13, 2005, the ACLU issued a media release applauding a federal judge’s ruling that placing disclaimer stickers warning that evolution is "a theory, not a fact" in public school science textbooks is an unconstitutional government intrusion on religious liberty. 
ACLU’s Opposition To Christian Values
There is a long history of the ACLU's opposition to what the United States was buil upon, namely Judeo-Christian values representative of biblical pincipals.
In the court's first right-to-die case, the ACLU represented the family of a woman who had been in a vegetative state for seven years. Although the court did not go as far as the ACLU urged, it did recognize living wills as evidence of a patient's wishes. (Cruzan vs. Director of the Missouri Department of Health) 
In 1973 the ACLU fought for women's right to terminate their pregnancy. (Roe vs. Wade/Doe vs. Bolton) 
In 1945 the ACLU opposed laws requiring prostitutes to submit to examinations or vaccinations, saying these violated the women's rights to "medical liberty." 
In its first "homosexual rights" victory, the ACLU in 1996 convinced the court to squash a Colorado constitutional amendment that barred the state from enacting gay rights laws. (Romer vs. Evans) 
In 1997 the court struck down Congress's Communications Decency Act, which tried to ban indecent speech on the internet. (Reno vs. ACLU) 
Critics of the ACLU
In his Coral Ridge Hour broadcast on May 2, 2003, Christian leader Dr. D. James Kennedy said the ACLU was "strenuously opposed to anything that most Americans consider good and normal." 
On June 2, 2004, FOX News Channel host Bill O'Reilly called the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) a "fascist organization". On radio the same day O'Reilly said the ACLU was "the most dangerous organization in the United States of America right now." 
In 1990, Christian broadcaster Pat Robertson founded the American Center for Law and Justice, as a response to the ACLU, which Robertson said was "liberal" and "hostile to traditional American values". 
On September 13, 2001, two days after terrorists attacked the World Trade Center in New York, Rev. Jerry Falwell said on television that "The ACLU has got to take a lot of blame for this." Next day, he issued an apology for his comments and said he believed that the terrorists alone were responsible for the attacks. He added, however, that he still believed that groups trying to secularize America have helped remove the nation from its spiritual foundations. 
- ACLU website
- ACLU’s 100 greatest hits Some of the cases of which the ACLU is proud
- ACLU's document: Victory in the Challenge to Intelligent Design
- Wikipedia entry on ACLU
- Stop the ACLU Coalition
- Decades of Shame: A short history of the ACLU Center for Reclaiming America for Christ
- American Center for Law & Justice Dedicated to fighting the ACLU
- Alliance Defense Fund Christian group fighting the ACLU
Pro ACLU sites
- Is the ACLU good for America? ProCon.org
- ACLU history Essortment
- 75 years of ACLU highlights HolySmoke.org
- Tennessee vs. John Scopes
- John Scopes
- William Jennings Bryan
- Inherit the Wind
- Creation vs. Evolution Trials