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Icon of Saint Polycarp
|Martyr and Bishop of Smyrna|
|Born|| 69 AD68 AD|
4072 AM, Unknown
|Died|| 155 AD154 AD|
4158 AM, Smyrna
|Venerated in|| Roman Catholicism|
|Patronage||against earache, dysentery|
According to Tertullian, Polycarp had been ordained bishop by the Apostle John's own hand. Eusebius of Caesarea reports, based on Irenaeus, that Polycarp, on one occasion, met Marcion who said: 'Recognize us' to which he replied: 'I recognize the firstborn of Satan'. Visited Rome in 155 AD to discuss the Easter meeting with the bishop of Rome Aniceto although without reaching an agreement on the topic under discussion. Asked to renounce his faith, the Roman proconsul said "change your way of thinking; shouts: atheists die!" what Polycarp replied: "Yes, atheists die!". Continuing the proconsul urged him to curse Christ. Then Polycarp said:
|“||"Eighty-six years does I serve Him and no harm I have received from Him. How can I curse my King who saved me?".||”|
According to the Martyrdom of Polycarp he died martyr, tied to a pole, burned on a pyre, but the fire formed a sort of dome like a sail of a ship around him so they gave him a blow of mercy with a dagger in his chest. Polycarp may have been the last survivor of those who spoke with eyewitnesses of Jesus.
- ↑ Frangiotti, Roque; Storniolo, Ivo (trans.); Balancin, Euclides M.(trans.) (2008) (in Portuguese). Padres Apostólicos [Apostolic Fathers] (4th ed.). São Paulo: Paulus. p. 130. ISBN 978-85-349-0053-9.
- ↑ Eusebius of Caesarea (1995) (in portuguese). História Eclesiástica: Os primeiros quatro séculos da Igreja Cristã [Eusebius' Ecclesiastical History]. Casa Publicadora das Assembléias de Deus. p. 133. ISBN 85-263-0251-5.
- ↑ Renwick, A. M (1986) (in Portuguese). A Igreja Cristã e sua História [The History of the Church]. Queluz, Portugal: Nucleo. p. 26.
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 4.2 Bueno, Daniel Ruiz (1985) (in Spanish). Padres Apostólicos:Edición Bilingüe Completa [Apostolic Fathers: Bilingual Edition Complete]. Madrid: La Editorial Catolica - Biblioteca de Autores Cristianos. p. 672-689. ISBN 84-220-0151-9.
- ↑ Latourette, Kenneth Scott (2007). A History of Cristianity:Beginnings to 1500. 1. Peabody, MA: Prince Press. p. 85. ISBN 978-1-56563-328-5.