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Essay:Victorious Biblical Astronomy Part 7
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In this section I will use the distant galaxies to examine the biblical age of the universe. What is “biblical age?” The Bible uses words for vast ages yet it also lists Old Testament genealogies that add up to only 4,000 years. Vast ages during few years makes no sense from a Western time-perspective. However, when the Bible was written people everywhere accepted that the first generations lived in the great-time, the long slow cycles. When the Old Testament mentions days, years and generations we must be careful not to interpret these with our Western way of thinking. None of the authors of the Bible could have intended such an interpretation that was not even invented until more than a thousand years after the Bible was completed.
The distant galaxies are the only place we see a biblical history with our eyes. This is because all distant orbits visibly do what the Bible states. In fact, the literal words of the Bible are visibly confirmed in distant galaxies in all parts of the spectrum. When we compare the shapes of the most-distant galaxies with local ones, we see that all orbits spread outward. The accelerating orbits in distant galaxies resolve the problem of vast eons in few years - visually. However, what we see contradicts the basic assumption that all of us are trained to think with, the Western first principle.
If you have not read the previous articles in this series, you may not understand the importance of a “first principle.” The Bible predicted that the mockers of the last day would have an archê, a first principle. A first principle is a basic assumption upon which a system of reasoning is built. Peter quoted the first principle as “all things diamenei.” Diamenei, in the context of stars and geology, means to remain the same in being or relation. Peter’s prediction has come true. Today the assumption that matter does not change as it ages is the foundation for the Western epistemic system. Because of this assumption, we assume that clocks measure unchanging durations. In fact, we use atomic clocks as the primary instrument for defining time, length, mass, energy, temperature and thousands of other measuring units. If atoms are changing their oscillations along with their dimensions (relational change), the modern units of measurement would all shift together.
The universe is so vast that we can see the past back to close to the beginning. We can see that no atom in the universe is a perpetual motion clock. Yet we use atomic clocks for measuring and theorizing about everything. Usually, the more distant the atom, the more its clock-frequencies were minuscule compared with local atoms. Astronomers have unsubstantiated just-so stories to explain this fact. For example, they say the light was stretched as it passed through the vacuum of space. No experiment ever detected light-stretching as it passed through a void.2 Peter 3:5, Peter explained that the first principle would serve as the basis for ignoring (lanthano) the evidence for the age of the heavens. Lanthano means secretly, hidden or to escape one’s notice. Peter says the heavens are of old: “ouranoi êsan ekpalai.” He could have used several other Greek words for ancient - such as archaios, poteh, proteros or palai. Instead he chose the compound word ekpalai. Ek means from or out, the origin in time or place from which an action or motion proceeds. The word palai means a great while ago. The stars are ekpalai: they came out a great while ago. What does Peter mean by a great while ago? The word palai is another form of palin (Strong’s 3825) which means to turn, to renew or to repeat an action. It is related to pale: to vibrate or struggle. The root word is ballo: to scatter, to throw a thing without caring where. In the last days the disciples of the first principle will deliberately ignore the facts concerning the heavens. Do modern astronomers ignore the paths the stars took as they came out, ek, from naked primordial galaxies? Do they obfuscate the primordial vibrations (the quantum frequencies) from long-ago stars because they were trained to think with an elementary assumption?
The Hubble Deep Fields are images of tiny dark patches of sky. They show tens of thousands of distant galaxies not visible with shorter exposures. This is a mosaic of a few galaxies from the Hubble Deep Field North (HDFN) and Hubble Ultra Deep Field (HUDF). The numbers are each galaxy’s catalog number.
Top Row - Primordial chains of galaxies: *Left: Three galaxies in an equally-spaced chain. HDFN #215 *2nd from left: equally spaced primordial chain galaxies. HDFN #909 *Center: The center galaxy in each chain is redder than it adjacent neighbors. HUDF #1242 *2nd from Right: Blue stream of star clusters from a white galaxy. HDFN #602 & #594 *Right: Beginning phase of a two-armed spiral galaxy. HDFN #472.
Primordial galaxies shone with minuscule frequencies compared with local stars. They often appear in regularly spaced, beaded chains.
Second Row - Primordial spiral galaxies: *Left: Two arms of equally spaced beads arching around a reddish center. HUDF #1874 *2nd from left: One-armed tadpole galaxy with blue beads arching around. HUDF #3844 *2nd from right: Galaxy with reddish center and multiple globular arms. HUDF #9759 *Right: Two-armed spiral of equally spaced beads with small sibling. HUDF #3031
Early spiral galaxies have arms of separate clumps packed with close-together stars. The distinct nature of these outward moving clusters fits the word used in Hebrew for the ancient sky - the firmament - the raqia. The word means the pounded-out-place, the spread-out-place.
Third Row - Spirals with clumpy arms: *Left: Two armed spiral with clumps. Lower arm ends in a dwarf galaxy. HUDF #3180 *2nd Center: Bright clumps visible in the dusty arms of an early spiral. HUDF #9868 *Right: A galaxy with an arc of blue beads. HUDF #785
As the arms developed, they became visibly dusty. The stars out gas and spread continually as they spiral outward.
Bottom row - clumpy arms with dusty lanes: *Left: White core containing distinct beads. Early spiral arm at top and bottom. HUDF #8810 *Center: Primordial spiral - top arm has distinct beads like a pearl necklace. HDFN #225 *Right: Clumpy arms rotating out from the center. HDFN #3
We see strong, visible evidence for ek-palai, that the stars came out, that they rotated outward long ago. We see how the stars came out in clusters, one behind the other as they spread out from tiny primordial cores. We see that atoms from every one of these distant galaxies vibrated, Greek: pale, at much longer wavelengths than local atoms. It took vast ages for primordial galaxies, packed with close together stars, to form the huge, diffuse spirals we see locally. Peter predicted that the mockers will deliberately ignore the evidence that the heavens are ekpalai. Peter predicted that “they maintain this” referring to their first principle. The modern first principle is the assumption that Peter predicted: that all things (matter) remains the same in being. It is because they have strong faith in their first principle that they obfuscate the clear evidence. Clearly the stars continually came out just like the Hebrew verbs in the biblical text. Instead of accepting the visible evidence that all atoms and all orbits change continually, scientists construct complex mathematical versions of the universe’s history. However, the mathematical theories will not work in the distant universe without inventing undetectable things. The scientific universe is 99% unseeable. All of the invisible things were invented to protect their first principle. The invisible things include dark matter, dark energy, cosmic strings, black holes, gravity lenses, cosmological expansion and a big bang. All these things were invented with the first principle that Peter predicted.
Can we verify a literal biblical interpretation where years (orbits) continually reduce in durations? We see the past in the distant galaxies at many ranges (eras) and every part of the spectrum. The question is, do stars continually accelerate their orbits?
The close Whirlpool galaxy also has a dwarf galaxy at the end of one arm, NGC5195. (The Magellanic galaxies are dwarfs connected to the Milky Way by a long thin river of hydrogen - as though they also were ejected.) Unlike the primordial spiral, the lanes of gas, dust and stars in the arms of M51 are contiguous. At various places we see that the arms have split onto a main and an offshoot spur as the stars spiral outward. The arms in the Whirlpool have rotated around the core by more than one revolution. In the right image, we see hot blue spots at regular intervals. The hot blue spots in UV (right) show up as orange (long wave) in the center and pink in the visible image. Large close galaxies have continuous dusty arms, but many primordial galaxies at first had no arms at all. Later distinct separate clusters packed with stars came out, accelerated outward, expanding continually to form the diffuse arms seen in local galaxies. This is not a mathematical theory, but what we see by comparing countless galaxies at many ranges (eras).
Spiral forms in nature come from accelerations in growth or velocity. A naked galaxy cannot grow into a giant unless the properties of matter continually change with age. Notice that the lanes of gas and dust are not obliterated as they would be if they were following Kepler’s laws. If the arms of spiral galaxies followed Kepler, the stars near the core would lap the outer ones, and the clear lanes could not exist. When we compare the shapes of distant galaxies with local ones, we see the progression as the stars moved outward in defiance of every principle of physics. Primordial elliptical galaxies also had strings of star clusters, but they orbited in random directions so the galaxy grew into a diffuse shape. In spiral galaxies, we see the acceleration clearly, because the disk is flattened and most of the stars move out together. The vast majority of galaxies are spirals.
How do astronomers explain what we see? They reject the visible evidence and construct mathematical theories that rely on many layers of invisible things. They say that an invisible halo of dark matter surrounds every galaxy in the universe. They say that gas fell in toward the center where an invisible black hole made it rebound. They say an invisible halo of undetectable matter causes accelerations. They say that stars are accreting, being born out of dust. They say that in spiral galaxies, the stars are orbiting in the opposite direction than the bend of the arms. They say this though we can see, by visually comparing ancient galaxies with modern ones, how the stars followed each others in lanes as they moved out, Greek: ek. They say invisible density waves, like ripples in a pond, caused the arms in spiral galaxies. They say that the light from distant atoms is stretched by a magical property of the vacuum they call space-time. Yet, clearly we see a Biblical cosmos with our eyes and every atom and every orbit is observed to continually accelerate. Why is the scientific universe 99% invisible? They are highly trained to think, measure and mathematicate with the first principle that Peter predicted.
Dear reader, what we see in the distant heaven fits the literal words of the Bible. What is the biblical age of the universe? What does it mean that every atom in the universe speeds up its clock frequencies with age? Why do galactic orbits accelerate outward? How can our Western notion of time fit into continually varying orbits and atomic clocks? What we see in the distance, which is also what our ancestors measured locally, shows that all orbits speed up. Why then do we measure clock-like orbits? I will examine these questions in more detail in the next article. Carefully think about the modern first principle, the one Peter identified as “all things remain the same in being or relation. Peter said the most important thing to know on the subject of earth-history is this first principle - which we can see is visibly false.
- Essay:Victorious Biblical Astronomy Part 1
- Essay:Victorious Biblical Astronomy Part 2
- Essay:Victorious Biblical Astronomy Part 3
- Essay:Victorious Biblical Astronomy Part 4
- Essay:Victorious Biblical Astronomy Part 5
- Essay:Victorious Biblical Astronomy Part 6
- Essay:Victorious Biblical Astronomy Part 7